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Golf Wedges

    How to choose a wedge.
    We all love to crush the ball as far as we can.  Looking down the line of golfers on a driving range will show us our love for distance. Nearly every player will be attempting to knock their ball out the range.

    One of the big secrets in golf is not how to hit long powerful drives, it’s the number 100.  100 yards in to be more precise.  From 100 yards in is where golf tournaments are won and lost, handicaps lowered and winning cash from your mates on a Saturday afternoon is a done deal.

  • This is called the scoring zone.

    The scoring zone requires special clubs just as driving requires a driver.  This is where the wedge, gap wedge, sand iron and lob wedge play an important role.  With such a huge selection of short irons how do you choose which is right for you? Union Golf to the rescue!!

    Pitching Wedges (PW)
    The most common short club is the pitching wedge.  Normal loft wedges are between 44-48 degrees and is used generally for full shots into greens and chip shots.  Golf manufactures these days tend to produce lower lofted or stronger pitching wedges to blend in with stronger low lofted iron designs, whilst also creating a need for a gap wedge.

    Gap Wedges (GW)
    So, the gap wedge does what it says on the tin!  The ‘gap’ is between the pitching wedge and the sand wedge.  Sometimes called the utility wedge (UW), these wedges are designed to hit shots distances that do not require the length of a pitching wedge but go slightly further than the sand wedge.  We find most lower handicap golfers tend to use their gap wedges around the greens the majority of the time.  Normal loft of around 50 to and 53 degrees.

    Sand Wedges (SW)
    Typical loft range of 54 to 58 degrees, the sand wedge was designed to help players escape from deadly green side bunkers.  The sand wedge design is slightly different from the two previous clubs.  The sole is wider and heavier to allow a smooth passage through sand, this is sometimes called the flange.  In years gone by the sand wedge was the most lofted club in the bag, until the lob wedge arrived.

    Lob Wedges (LW)
    With face loft of around 60 to 64 degrees the lob wedge is a specialised club for specialised shots.  This club comes into its own when you need to get the golf ball up quickly for short distances.   Very rarely do you see lob wedges used for full shots.So now you know what the different wedges are for, lets concentrate on their design.

    The loft of a wedge is the angle created between the face of the wedge and an imaginary vertical line.  The more loft on a wedge, the more elevation on your shot, resulting in a higher ball flight with less distance.  Therefore, a lob wedge will produce the most height but the shortest distance.  Most professional golfers carry three to four wedges in their bag to help play the variety of short shots required in tournament play.

    They know the secret.

    The bounce is where most people think things start getting technical, but in truth bounce is the area of the club that hits the turf. Simple!

    So, what do the different bounce numbers mean?  Let’s break it down into three categories.

    Wedges with low bounce
    Wedges with a bounce angle of 4 to 6 degrees are considered low-bounce.

    When would a low bounce be the best option?
    Low bounce is suited to hard fast courses like links or heathland.  Designed for the player who would have a lower angle of attack (shallow swing plane.)  When faced with a lie from hard compact ground a wedge with low bounce is the best option. Bunkers with shallow to no sand is also suited to low bounce.

    Wedges with Mid Bounce
    Any wedge with 7 to 10 degrees of bounce is considered to be a mid-bounce wedge.  This is normally the safe option as it is suited to the majority of players.

    Wedges with High Bounce
    High bounce wedges have more than 10 degrees of bounce, meaning the leading edge sits higher when the sole is rested on the ground.  If you are the type of player who swings steeply and attacks the ball from a more aggressive angle, a wedge with a high bounce might be for you.   High bounce is extremely helpful for courses with bunkers with lots of sand.  The bounce helps the club to bounce through the sand instead of digging and burying.

    Sole Grinds
    Club manufactures like to mess around with the sole of the wedges to improve how the club sits on the ground.  If the wedge has heel grind this means the club has been grinded on the heel of the sole to allow the face to sit lower to the ground.  When we alter the sole grind this also alters the sole bounce.   When choosing a wedge speak to a professional who understands your needs and the equipment options.

    This one is really simple.  Due to the majority of shots played with a wedge, a standard wedge shaft is all that is required.   It’s very rare you see graphite shafts in individual wedges.

    Pretty finishes.
    Wedges are now available in different finishes such as, Chrome, Steel, Nickel and many more.  These are purely for cosmetic reasons and personal choice.

    To find out more information on choosing a wedge, please email

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